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1870s New Foodshttp://historiccookingschool.com/1870s/
◾ Cubed sugar
◾ Synthetic vanilla
◾ Nestle’s Infant Milk Food
◾ Milk chocolate
◾ Ice cream soda
◾ Commercial production of margarine
◾ Japanese beef-eating taboo ends (c. 1870)
◾ Chewing Gum from chicle
◾ Tone Brothers [spices and coffee]
1870s New Cooking Gadgets
◾ Can opener with cutting wheel.
◾ Four-tined silver fork, beginning the end of eating with knife.
◾ Square bottomed paper-bags.
1870s New Food Companies
◾ Pillsbury & Co.
◾ F. & J. Heinz
◾ Quaker Mills
◾ Hills Brothers
◾ Grand Union Tea Co.
◾ Confectioner’s Journal
1870s Food Industry Beginnings
◾ Milking machines
◾ Glass milk bottles
◾ Orange crates
◾ Pressure cooking in food canning: 1874
◾ Frozen meat shipments: 1877
◾ Mechanical cream separator
◾ Porcelain rollers make roller-milling flour (wheat germ removal) standard practice
◾ William Underwood first to register U.S. food trademark (Red Devil)
1870s Farming Progress
◾ Bison herds disappearing
◾ Large US agricultural exports
◾ European farm land shortage
◾ Quantity banana imports to US
◾ Long-distance cattle driving
◾ Barbed wire fences
◾ Vast US acreage for farming and cattle ranches